Forgotten Darkness

Strange things are lost and forgotten in obscure corners of the newspaper.

September 26th, 2020    

79 - Helen Eiker

The story of Helen Eiker, a Gettysburg, Pennsylvania woman who was the first woman convicted of homicide in Adams County.  At only 18, she was one of the youngest people convicted, as well.  There was a loose connection with the Pennsylvania Dutch magical tradition known as pow-wow.

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Accuses Daughter-in-Law of Faith in Pow-wowism; Girl Adds to Revelations.” Gettysburg Times, December 10, 1928.

Bar Reporters from Talking To Mrs. Eiker.” Gettysburg Times, March 18, 1929.

Court Reserves His Decision in Motion for New Eiker Trial.” Gettysburg Times, October 16, 1928.

Eiker Estate Valued At $300.” Gettysburg Times, July 18, 1928.

Eiker Killed Himself in Struggle to Wrest Gun from Girl-wife, is Defense Plea in Trial of Widow.” Gettysburg Times, August 29, 1928.

Fatal Shot An Accident, She Says.” Carlisle Sentinel, August 30, 1928.

Mrs. Eiker Blamed For Husband's Death By Coroner's Jury.” Gettysburg Times, July 18, 1928.

Mrs. Helen Eiker is Buried Today.” Gettysburg Times, November 21, 1932.

Mrs. Helen Eiker Denies Faith in 'Pow-wowism'; Reveals Fake Treatments.” Gettysburg Times, December 8, 1928.

Mrs. Helen Eiker Dies This Morning After Long Illness.” Gettysburg Times, November 18, 1932.

Mrs. Helen Eiker Sentenced to 5-10 Years in Prison.” Gettysburg Times, March 4, 1929.

Mrs. Helen Eiker Starts Sentence.” Hanover Evening Sun, March 22, 1929.

Percy Eiker, Killed by Wife, Tries to Shield Her With Story of Suicide Attempt.” Gettysburg Times, July 10, 1928.

Shoots Husband.” East Berlin News-Comet, July 13, 1928.

Slain Man Buried; Widow Views Body.” East Berlin News-Comet, July 20, 1928.

Slayer of Spouse is Critical in Hospital in Philadelphia.” Gettysburg Times, June 18, 1930.

Slayer Sinks Lower, Report At Hospital.” Gettysburg Times, June 19, 1930.

Swope Claims Court Biased in His Charge.” Gettysburg Times, September 1, 1928.

Young Convicted Widowed-Mother Was 'Pow-wowed'.” Gettysburg Times, December 7, 1928.

Young Mother is Convicted of Second Degree Murder; Jury is Out Only 4 Hours.” Gettysburg Times, August 30, 1928.

Young Mother is Indifferent About Verdict.” Gettysburg Times, August 31, 1928.

Young Wife Charged With Husband's Murder.” Adams County Independent, July 12, 1928.

September 11th, 2020    

78 - The Phantom of O’Donnell Heights

In the summer of 1951, a housing project in southeastern Baltimore claims to be the haunt of a hunchbacked, black-clad phantom which leaps extraordinary distances a la Spring-Heeled Jack.

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400 Pupils Out in 'Strike' For School Bus.” Baltimore Evening Sun, January 3, 1946.

8,170 Children Get Only Part-Time Schooling Here.” Baltimore Evening Sun, December 8, 1950.

City Inaction on Unsanitary Drains Scored.” Baltimore Sun, June 24, 1948.

O'Donnell Heights Greets Roof-Climbing Phantom.” Baltimore Evening Sun, July 25, 1951.

O'Donnell Heights Pupils in School.” Baltimore Evening Sun, January 8, 1946.

'Phantom' Hunters Fined $10 Each.” Baltimore Evening Sun, July 26, 1951.

'Phantom' Looms Atop School; Police Find Ventilation Pipe.” Baltimore Sun, July 27, 1951.

Phantom Makes Himself Scarce.” Baltimore Sun, August 6, 1951.

Phantom Prowler Terrorizes O'Donnell Heights Residents.” Baltimore Sun, July 25, 1951.

Sherbow Imposes $25 Fines For Betting On Horses.” Baltimore Evening Sun, September 25, 1951.

Third Turnover is On At O'Donnell Heights.” Baltimore Evening Sun, December 10, 1948.

When the Phantom Roamed.” Baltimore Evening Sun, February 28, 1962.

Schneck, Robert Damon. The President's Vampire. San Antonio: Anomalist Books, 2005.

August 26th, 2020    

77 - The Death of Ocey Snead

1909. 24-year-old Oceana Wardlaw Martin Snead is found in a bathtub in a nearly-vacant house in East Orange, New Jersey. The only other inhabitant, her aunt, claims she committed suicide. Was it suicide, murder, or a weird hybrid of the two?

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Alienists Declare Mrs. Martin Insane.” New York Times, September 21, 1910.

Back to Jail for Xmas.” Baltimore Sun, December 25, 1909.

Bathtub Mystery No Murder, She Says,” New York Times, December 2, 1909.

Chief Justice To Try Women.” New York Times, January 23, 1910.

Claims Dead Girl Wrote Those Notes.” Buffalo Commercial, December 17, 1909.

Dead in Bathtub.” Asbury Park Press, November 30, 1909.

'Death Welcome,' Says Mrs. Martin.” Knoxville (TN) Sentinel, December 16, 1909.

Declared A Foundling.” Baltimore Sun, December 18, 1909.

Finds Mrs. Martin Insane.” New York Times, November 19, 1910.

Fletcher Snead Found.” Baltimore Sun, December 17, 1909.

Fletcher Snead's Son Will Claim Wardlaw Jewels.” Murfreesboro (TN) News-Journal, January 31, 1930.

Grand Jury Has Snead Case.” New York Times, December 15, 1909.

Jesse James' Lawyer Accused.” Kansas City Star, March 6, 1911.

Jesse James' Lawyer Asks For Freedom.” Wilkes-Barre (PA) Evening News, December 10, 1929.

Let Me Die, Mother Asks.” Kansas City Star, December 16, 1909.

May Hold Bathtub Suspects Here.” New York Times, December 5, 1909.

Miss Wardlaw Dies; Starved Herself.” New York Times, August 12, 1909.

Miss Wardlaw Near Nervous Collapse.” New York Times, August 6, 1910.

Mrs. Martin Charged With Snead Murder.” Lancaster (PA) Examiner, December 18, 1909.

Mrs. Martin in Court.” Baltimore Sun, December 17, 1909.

Mrs. Martin Fights.” Washington Evening Star, December 23, 1909.

“Mrs. Martin Pleads to Manslaughter.” New York Times, January 10, 1911.

“Mrs. Martin Raves As She is Sentenced.” New York Times, January 24, 1911.

Mrs. Martin Snead May Be in Virginia.” New York Times, December 10, 1909.

Mrs. Mary Snead Set Free.” New York Times, February 8, 1911.

Mrs. Ocey Snead's Mother Dies in N.J. Madhouse.” York (PA) Daily, June 21, 1913.

Mrs. Snead's Family Full of Fatalities.” New York Times, December 9, 1909.

Mystery is Deep About the Murder of Ocey Snead.” Washington Times, December 12, 1909.

Mystery Murder Case Revived By Jewel Discovery.” Chattanooga News, January 31, 1930.

No Delay in Snead Case.” New York Times, August 13, 1910.
Ocey Snead Murder Case.” Sioux Falls (SD) Argus-Leader, December 16, 1909.

Ocey Snead Trial April 11.” New York Times, January 30, 1910.

Ocey Snead Was Drugged.” New York Times, January 21, 1910.

Physician Finds Mrs. Martin Sane.” New York Times, November 24, 1910.

Poison Mother Gave Killed Ocey Snead.” New York Times, January 22, 1911.

Snead Case to Grand Jury To-day.” Wilkes-Barre (PA) Record, December 21, 1909.

Snead Death Baffles.” Washington Post, December 12, 1909.

Snead Mystery Complex Tangle.” Indianapolis Star, December 19, 1909.

Snead's Brother Found.” New York Times, December 10, 1909.

Starved Herself to Evade Prosecution.” St. Joseph (MO) News-Press, August 12, 1910.

Stolen Gems Found, Revive Old Mystery.” Oakland Tribune, February 4, 1930.

Talks of Suicide.” Topeka State Journal, December 16, 1909.

Thief's Cold Comfort.” York (PA) Dispatch, June 24, 1911.

Think Snead A Suicide.” Indiana (PA) Evening Gazette, January 10, 1910.

Third Arrest in Snead Mystery.” Wilmington (NC) Morning Star, December 17, 1909.

To Pass on Snead Note.” New York Times, December 10, 1909.

Two Fletcher Sneads Mystify N.Y. Police.” New Castle (PA) Herald, December 17, 1909.

Two More Arrests in Snead Murder.” New York Times, December 17, 1909.

Wardlaw Sisters Will Stand Trial.” Owensboro (KY) Messenger, May 8, 1910.

Ziebold, Norman. Three Sisters in Black. New York: Little, Brown and Company, 1968.

August 11th, 2020    

76 - The Devil’s Footprints

In 1855, in new-fallen snow in Devonshire, a trail of small hooflike footprints led for miles. Similar footprints have been found on several occasions, most notably during the 1909 Jersey Devil sightings. But what are these mysterious footprints?

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Footprints in the Snow.” Barrow’s Worcester Journal, March 21, 1891.

Mysterious Footmarks.” Nottinghamshire Guardian, March 1, 1855.

Singular Animal.” London Times, March 14, 1840.

Busk, R.H. “Phenomenal Footprints in Snow, S. Devon.” Notes and Queries 7:8 (December 28, 1889).

. “Phenomenal Footprints in the Snow, S. Devon.” Notes and Queries 7:9 (January 25, 1890).

Dash, Mike. “The Devil’s Hoofmarks: Source Material on the Great Devon Mystery of 1855.” Fortean Studies 1:1 (1994).

Freeman, Richard. “Other Historical Accounts of the Devil’s Footprints.”

Gould, Rupert T. Oddities: A Book of Unexplained Facts. University Books: New Hyde Park, NY, 1965 ed.



July 21st, 2020    

75 - Earle Leonard Nelson, Part Three

The Canadian authorities put Earle Leonard Nelson on trial for the two Winnipeg murders, and he meets his eventual fate. There’s also discussion of his bizarre past, and some other crimes that may or may not be his handiwork.


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Opening music from "Dark Child" by Kevin MacLeod ( License: CC BY (

Closing music by Soma.



“Apron-String Murder Gives Police Puzzle.” Los Angeles Times, November 12, 1926.

“Buffalo to Move for Trial of Strangler.” Windsor (Ont.) Star, June 21, 1927.

“Chain of Evidence Against Nelson Welded.” Regina Leader-Press, November 3, 1927.

“Detectives Get New Clews To Carlson Slayer.” Oakland Tribune, March 27, 1920.

“Earle Nelson Sentenced to Hang Jan. 13.” Montreal Gazette, November 7, 1927.

“Girl Routs Stranger in Battle.” Oakland Tribune, March 30, 1920.

“Girl Slain Is Theory of Becker.” Oakland Tribune, March 19, 1920.

“’Gorilla Man’ Believed Bay Girl’s Slayer.” San Francisco Examiner, September 13, 1927.

“Insanity Trump Card in Nelson’s Defence.” Regina Leader-Press, November 4, 1927.

“Knife a Clue in 2 Murders.” Detroit Free Press, June 24, 1927.

“’Murder or Pneumonia?’ Ask Probers.” San Francisco Examiner, September 17, 1925.

“Nelson Guilty; Dies on Gallows on January 13th.” Calgary Herald, November 5, 1927.

“Nelson’s Trial Tragic, Swift Moving Drama.” Regina Leader-Press, November 4, 1927.

“New Mystery Stirs Probe in S.F. Murder.” San Francisco Examiner, October 3, 1926.

“Newark Murderer Left Cigarettes.” Brooklyn Standard-Union, August 10, 1926.

“Photo Proof of Beating By Slayer.” Oakland Tribune, March 23, 1920.

“Police Seek Friend of Slain Widow.” Oakland Tribune, October 2, 1926.

“Seek Clues in Murder of Apartment House Manager.” Colton (CA) Daily Courier, September 17, 1925.

“Slayer of Girl Is Still At Liberty.” Sacramento Bee, March 16, 1920.

“Thug Winds Gems Around Victim’s Neck.” San Francisco Examiner, August 24, 1925.

“Warrant Issued For ‘Gorilla Man’ At Philadelphia.” Lancaster (PA) Intelligencer Journal, June 23, 1927.

“Wealthy Widow Found Killed in Apartment.” Camden Courier-Post, May 11, 1926.

“Wealthy Woman Beaten to Death; Curtain Rod Used.” New York Daily News, May 12, 1926.

“Woman Slain By Strangler in Her Home.” Philadelphia Inquirer, November 11, 1925.

“Woman, Victim of Strangling, Now Declared to Have Committed Suicide.” Los Angeles Evening Express, November 12, 1926.

“Woman’s Death From Natural Causes.” San Francisco Examiner, August 25, 1925.

“Young Woman Fought Assailant Until Her Breath Stopped.” Oakland Tribune, Match 15, 1920.

Schechter, Harold. Bestial: The Savage Trail of a True American Monster. New York: Pocket Books, 1998.

Tredgold, A.F. “The Definition and Diagnosis of Moral Imbecility.” British Journal of Medical Psychology 6:1 (1926).

July 3rd, 2020    

74 - Earle Leonard Nelson, Part Two

The police are on the trail of “Adrian Harris,” even as Earle Leonard Nelson leaves the West Coast behind for a cross-country killing spree at a considerably quickened pace. But his spree comes to an end in June, 1927...

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Intro music “Strange Dream” by David Hilowitz.

Opening music from "Dark Child" by Kevin MacLeod ( License: CC BY (

Closing music by Soma.


“Assailant Uses Telephone Cord.” Owensboro (KY) Messenger, June 3, 1927.

“Buffalo Murderer Eludes Detectives in All-day Search.” Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, June 1, 1927.

“Buffalo Police Cannot Find the Murderer.” Dunkirk (NY) Evening Observer, May 31, 1927.

“Butcher’s Helper Quizzed in Slaying.” Washington Evening Star, June 3, 1927.

“Clues Lacking in Dual Killing.” Detroit Free Press, June 7, 1927.

“Crime Puzzles Police.” York (PA) Dispatch, April 28, 1927.

“Detroit Police and a Double Murder.” Greenfield (IN) Daily Reporter, June 7, 1927.

“Dragnet Out For Strangler of Philadelphia Woman.” Scranton Times-Tribune, April 28, 1927.

“Fiend Suspect Tries to Enter W. Phila. Home.” Philadelphia Inquirer, April 29, 1927.

“Find Strangler Placed Another Woman in Terror.” Davenport (IA) Daily Times, December 25, 1926.

“Find Woman Dead Behind Furnace.” Lincoln (NB) Journal Star, December 24, 1926.

“Finds Wife Slain in Home.” Kansas City Times, December 28, 1926.

“Funeral Rites For Mrs. Ida Ann Clements Held Friday Afternoon.” Hennessey (OK) Clipper, July 1, 1948.

“’Gorilla’ Kills Woman.” Arizona Republic, June 3, 1927.

“Housewives Murdered By ‘Phantom Strangler’.” New Castle (PA) News, January 3, 1927.

“Mrs. John Berard, Former Hennessey Woman, Murdered.” Hennessey (OK) Clipper, December 30, 1926.

“Murder in Chicago is Not Solved.” Sioux City Journal, June 5, 1927.

“No Sign of Fight Found By Police.” Lancaster (PA) Intelligencer Journal, April 29, 1927.

“Police on Strangler’s Trail.” Winnipeg Tribune, June 13, 1927.

“Shirt Murder Still Baffles Bluffs Police.” Des Moines Register, December 26, 1926.

“Take Up Murder Theories.” Kansas City Star, December 29, 1926.

“Which Will Be Next City to Harbor Death Fiend Now Crossing Country?” Lancaster (PA) Intelligencer Journal, January 6, 1927.

“Woman Thwarts Attempted Attack.” Philadelphia Inquirer, April 20, 1927.

“Young Girl Seized By Phila. Strangler.” Camden Courier-Post, April 29, 1927.

Atlas of Kansas City, Missouri and Environs. Tuttle-Ayers-Woodward Co., 1925.

Schechter, Harold. Bestial: The Savage Trail of a True American Monster. New York: Pocket Books, 1998.

June 16th, 2020    

73 - Earle Leonard Nelson, Part One

Throughout 1926 and 1927, a so-called "Dark Strangler" roamed up and down the West Coast and eventually across the country.  Earle Leonard Nelson was one of the more prolific American serial killers, but his name isn't as well known as many others.  In the first part, I'll look at his crimes on the West Coast.

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“6th Murder Laid To New Strangler.” Oakland Tribune, August 19, 1926.

“Admits Attack On Many Women.” Muncie (IN) Star-Press, August 13, 1926.

“Aged Victim, Choked, Ribs Crushed, is Found Dead.” San Francisco Examiner, June 11, 1926.

“Alameda Girl Routs Attacker.” Oakland Tribune, June 13, 1926.

“Bay Woman Will Bury Slain Sister.” Oakland Tribune, October 25, 1926.

“Cafe Owner of San Jose is Held As Strangler.” Sacramento Bee, October 20, 1926.

“Dark Killer Strangles S.F. Woman.” Oakland Tribune, November 19, 1926.

“Dark Strangler Suspect Laborer on Merced Ranch.” Modesto News-Herald, August 19, 1926.

“Dark Suspect Identified As Old Offender.” San Francisco Examiner, August 22, 1926.

“Death Witnesseses To Face Suspect.” Oakland Tribune, August 22, 1926.

“Finds Mother Murdered in Attic Trunk.” Salem (OR) Capital Journal, October 20, 1926.

“Fingerprints Only Clues in Strangling.” San Francisco Examiner, February 22, 1926.

“Foster Kin of Mystery Victim Finds Body in Attic.” San Francisco Examiner, February 21, 1926.

“Jewels Held As New Clew to Strangler.” San Bernardino County Sun, December 2, 1926.

“Key, Jewels Give Clue To Strangler.” Oakland Tribune, November 20, 1926.

“Landlady of Yoloan is Victim of Strangler.” Woodland Daily Democrat, March 6, 1926.

“Man Sentenced For Attack.” San Francisco Examiner, December 11, 1926.

“Maniac Held For Slaying; Doubt Sanity.” Albany (OR) Democrat-Herald, August 12, 1926.

“Mysterious Strangler Kills Woman in Portland.” Sacramento Bee, November 30, 1926.

“New Clues Spur Search For Slayer.” Oakland Tribune, August 17, 1926.

“Police Sure ‘Strangler’ Was Fulton St. Slayer,” San Francisco Examiner, November 20, 1926.

“Says Suspect Not Slayer of His Aunt.” Modesto News-Herald, June 16, 1926.

“S.F. Woman Attacked in Bed at Home.” San Francisco Examiner, June 14, 1926.

“S.F. Woman Strangled to Death.” Oakland Tribune, February 21, 1926.

“Spouse Finds Rich Woman Strangled.” San Francisco Examiner, March 3, 1926.

“Strangler Identified.” Pottsville (PA) Republican, August 12, 1926.

“’Strangler’ Kills S.F. Woman, 63.” Oakland Tribune, June 11, 1926.

“Third Woman Found Victim of Strangler.” San Francisco Examiner, March 5, 1926.

“Two Women Beat Off Strangler.” Oakland Tribune, March 6, 1926.

“Wealthy Widow Slain in Home.” Spokane Chronicle, November 25, 1926.

“Withers Case Jury Fails To Reach Verdict.” Roseburg (OR) News-Review, October 28, 1926.

“Woman Foils Strangler in Apartment House Attack.” San Francisco Examiner, March 14, 1926.

“Woman Found Strangled in San Jose Home.” Stockton Independent, March 3, 1926.

Graysmith, Robert. The Laughing Gorilla: The True Story of the Hunt for One of America’s First Serial Killers. New York: Berkley, 2009.

Schechter, Harold. Bestial: The Savage Trail of a True American Monster. New York: Pocket Books, 1998.

May 26th, 2020    

72 - The Dwayyo and the Snallygaster

In the 1930s, a flying creature haunted Maryland, one whose name became almost synonymous with freakish beings. And thirty years later, another animal, one which was connected in some people’s minds to the previous one. These are most of the original accounts of these two creatures as described in the newspapers.

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“Bovalopus Scares Emmitsburg Folks.” Hagerstown Daily Mail, March 6, 1909.

“Bovalopus Snallygaster Swoops Down on Village.” Baltimore Evening Sun, November 25, 1932.

“Dwayyo Could Be A Modern Snallygaster.” Frederick News, December 3, 1965,

“Dwayyo Hunt Flops.” Frederick News, December 9, 1965.

“Dwayyo Hunt Planned.” Frederick News, December 6, 1965.

“Dwayyo Hunt Tonight.” Frederick News, December 8, 1965.

“Dwayyo Monster is Still Running Loose.” Frederick News, December 1, 1965.

“Elusive Dwayyo Still Uncaptured.” Frederick News, December 2, 1965.

“Hark! Ghastly Bovalopus Terrorizes Mountain Folk.” Camden (NJ) Morning Post, November 26, 1932.

“John Barleycorn Ends Career of Snallygaster.” Baltimore Evening Sun, December 1, 1932.

“Marylanders Oil Their Guns To Hunt That Danged Bovalopus.” Pittsburgh (PA) Press, November 27, 1932.

“Mysterious Dwayyo On Loose in County.” Frederick News, November 29, 1965.

“Saw the Vampire.” Cumberland Evening Times, February 8, 1909.

“Snallygaster Made First Boonsboro Visit Back in 1909.” Baltimore Evening Sun, November 25, 1932.

Opsasnick, Mark. The Maryland Bigfoot Digest: A Survey of Creature Sightings in the Free State. Xlibris, 2004.

May 14th, 2020    

71 - Dr. Francis Tumblety

Called a “notorious quack,” Dr. Francis Tumblety was a peddler of fake medicines, an abortionist, part of the Lincoln assassination plot, or even Jack the Ripper – depending on who you believe. We’ll look at his career and crimes and whether or not he’s even viable as a Ripper suspect.

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Opening music from “Anguish” and "Dark Child" by Kevin MacLeod ( License: CC BY (

Closing music by Soma.


Buffalo (NY) Evening Post, July 25, 1856.

London Times, December 1, 1873.

New York Herald, February 8, 1869.

Rochester Daily Union and Advertiser, April 4, 1881.

Saint John (New Brunswick) Morning Freeman, October 16, 1860.

“Dr. Tumblety.” Buffalo Evening Courier and Republic, March 13, 1862.

“Dr. Tumblety.” San Francisco Chronicle, November 23, 1888.

“Dr. Tumblety’s Case.” Montreal Pilot, September 25, 1857.

“Dr. Tumblety Has Flown.” New York World, December 6, 1888.

“Dr. Tumblety in New York.” St. Thomas (Ontario) Weekly Dispatch, March 28, 1861.

“Dr. Tumblety Kills A Man and Runs Away.” Detroit Free Press, October 7, 1860.

“Dr. Tumblety Talks.” Troy (AL) Messenger, February 7, 1889.

“Eccentricities of Dr. Tumblety.” Pittsburgh Dispatch, June 6, 1889.

“Fortune Won By Herbs Root of Bitter Fight.” St. Louis Post-Dispatch, June 28, 1903.

“Herbs, Salts and Cider.” Brooklyn Eagle, April 27, 1890.

“Inquest.” Saint John (New Brunswick) Morning Freeman, September 29, 1860.

“Jack is Back.” Lansing (MI) State Journal, November 10, 2002.

“Law Intelligence.” Montreal Pilot, September 28, 1857.

“Legal Medicine – Tumblety Affair.” Le Courier du Canada, November 4, 1857.

“Legal Medicine – Continuation of the Report of Mr. LaRue.” Le Courier du Canada, November 6, 1857.

“Mendacity of Quacks.” Boston Medical and Surgical Journal, vol. 91 (1875).

“Police.” Brooklyn Daily Eagle, May 6, 1864.

“Police Court.” Montreal Pilot, September 26, 1857.

“Recollections of a Police Magistrate.” Canadian Magazine, vol. 54 (November 1919 – April 1920).

“The ‘American Doctor’ and His Patients.” Liverpool Mercury, January 19, 1875.

“The Arrest of Dr. Tumblety, the Indian Herb Doctor, on a Charge of Attempting to Procure an Abortion.” Montreal Pilot, September 23, 1857.

“The Assassination.” Brooklyn Daily Eagle, May 4, 1865.

“The Case of Mr. Tumblety.” Montreal Pilot, September 24, 1857.

“The ‘Eccentric’ Dr. Twomblety.” New York World, November 19, 1888.

“The Indian Doctor in Court.” Brooklyn Daily Eagle, May 10, 1864.

“The Missing Tumblety.” Rochester (NY) Democrat and Chronicle, December 3, 1888.

“The Search for the Whitechapel Murderer.” Pall Mall Gazette, December 31, 1888.

“The Tumblety Case.” Montreal Pilot, September 30, 1857.

“The Whitechapel Murders.” Quebec Daily Mercury, November 22, 1888.

“To the Editor of the Pilot.” Montreal Pilot, September 16, 1857.

“Tumblety Arrested.” New York Evening World, June 5, 1889.

“Tumblety is in the City.” New York World, December 3, 1888.

“Tumblety is Missing.” New York World, December 2, 1888.

“Watch Him.” St.Louis Evening Star-Sayings, December 3, 1888.

Riordan, Timothy B. Prince of Quacks: The Notorious Life of Dr. Francis Tumblety, Charlatan and Jack the Ripper Suspect. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Company, 2009.

Shelley, Thomas J. “Twentieth Century American Catholicism and Irish Americans.” In Making the Irish American: History and Heritage of the Irish in the United States (J.J. Lee and Marion R. Casey, eds.).

Tumblety, Francis. A Few Passages in the Life of Dr. Francis Tumblety, the Indian Herb Doctor. Cincinnati: Published by the Author, 1866.

May 1st, 2020    

70 - The Lost Ninth

Sometime around the middle of the First Century AD, the Ninth Legion of the Roman army completely disappears from all records. In the oldest story I've yet covered on the podcast, I'll take a look at the known history of the Ninth Legion, as well as the theories on what happened to it.

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Cassius Dio. Roman History.

Mantel, Hugo. “The Causes of the Bar Kokba Revolt.” The Jewish Quarterly Review 58:3 (January 1968).

Tacitus. Agricola.

̶. Annals.

Thornbury, Walter. Old and New London (vol. 2). London: Cassell, Petter & Galpin, 1878.

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