Forgotten Darkness

Strange things are lost and forgotten in obscure corners of the newspaper.

May 28th, 2021    

88 - The Tichborne Claimant

In 1854, heir to the Tichborne baronetcy, Roger Tichborne, disappears after a shipwreck.  He's presumed dead until, in 1865, an Australian butcher comes forward and announces himself to be the missing nobleman.



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Closing music by Soma.


“Sir Roger Tichborne.” Sydney Morning Herald, January 31, 1868.

“The Claimant & the Tichborne Case.” Jackson's Oxford Journal, March 30, 1872.

“The Claimant of the Tichborne Baronetcy.” Wrexham Advertiser, January 19, 1867.

“The Tichborne Baronetcy.” Melbourne Age, September 12, 1867.

“The Tichborne Case.” Hampshire Telegraph & Sussex Chronicle, November 9, 1867.

“The Tichborne Dole.” London Daily News, September 6, 1855.

“The Tichborne Heir.” Indiana (PA) Progress, September 24, 1930.

“Tichborne Claimant's Story to be Subject of Coming British Film.” Montreal Gazette, September 5, 1936.

The books of Dr E. V. Kenealy (

Theresa Doughty Tichborne - Wikipedia

May 4th, 2021    

87 - The Green Bicycle Mystery

In 1919, 21-year old Bella Wright was shot on a roadside near Little Stretton, Leicestershire, England. The man thought to have committed the crime was acquitted. But the question remains: did he do it? Or if not, exactly what did happen that July evening?

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Closing music by Soma.


Brown, Antony M. The Green Bicycle Mystery. London: Mirror Books, 2017.

Humphries, H. Trueman. “The Green Bicycle Case.” The Strand Magazine 63 (Jan.-June 1922).

Green Bicycle Mystery Map - Google My Maps

April 13th, 2021    

86 - The Wheels of Orffyreus

Scientists and laymen alike have long sought to build a machine capable of perpetual motion. Several attempts are described here, especially focusing on the well-documented, and still controversial, efforts of Johann Bessler, better known as Orffyreus.

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Closing music by Soma.


Dircks, Henry. Perpetuum Mobile; or, A History of the Search for Self-Motive Power. London: E. & F.N. Spon, 1870.

Gould, Rupert T. Oddities: A Book of Facts. New Hyde Park, New York: University Books, 1965.

Hicks, Clifford B. “Why Won't They Work?” American Heritage Magazine 12:3 (April 1961).

Jenkins, Alejandro. “The Mechanical Career of Councillor Orffyreus, Confidence Man.” American Journal of Physics 81:421, January 2013.

Phin, John. The Seven Follies of Science: A Popular Account of the Most Famous Scientific Impossibilities. New York: Van Nostrand and Company, 1906.

Shaffer, Simon. “The Show That Never Ends: Perpetual Motion in the Early Eighteenth Century.” British Journal for the History of Science 28:2 (June 1995).

Verance, Percy. Perpetual Motion. 20th Century Enlightenment Specialty Company, 1916.

(104) Johann Bessler Perpetual Motion Machine Bessler Rad - YouTube

(104) Redheffer machine à mouvement perpétuel - YouTube

Archimedes' screw - Wikipedia

The Mysterious Stranger – Part 1 - TFOT (

Orffyreus and Leibniz - Part 2 - TFOT (



March 25th, 2021    

85 - Don’t Call It Murder, Call It A Job

In late 1930s Philadelphia, a murder-for-profit ring rivalling the French Affair of the Poisons, run by two cousins named Petrillo, is uncovered.  This is the story of the Poison Ring.

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“15 more poisoners face arrest as ring’s toll mounts hourly; crowd threatens Mrs. Favato.” Philadelphia Inquirer, April 28, 1939.

“2 more confess poison killings, third admits drowning plot; U.S. May enter investigation.” Philadelphia Inquirer, May 7, 1939.

“3 confess arsenic plot as 7 others deny guilt.” Lancaster New Era, May 25, 1939.

“3rd widow freed in insurance ring.” Reading Times, December 12, 1939.

“Arsenic suspect believed slain to balk justice.” Allentown Morning Call, May 10, 1939.

“Bail is denied in poison case.” Wilmington News Journal, September 7, 1939.

“Beach slayer dies in cell.” Delaware County Daily Times, January 11, 1936.

“Death threats menace son of triple slayer.” Kokomo (IN) Tribune, April 24, 1939.

“Calls uncle, who sent him up, a poisoner.” New York Daily News, February 10, 1939.

“Commutation saves woman from chair.” Latrobe Bulletin, June 20, 1941.

“Completing jury in another poison trial.” Mount Carmel Item, December 13, 1939.

“Convict Swartz for murder of mother in law.” Wilkes-Barre Times-Leader, June 14, 1940.

“'Customer' of murder syndicate starts term.” Scranton Times-Tribune, October 29, 1940.

“Enters guilty plea in mass murders.” Danville Morning News, February 27, 1940.

“Faces 30-year term for husband's poison death.” St. Louis (MO) Star and Times, December 14, 1939.

“Fast hearings stun suspects in poison cases.” Baltimore Sun, May 11, 1939.

“Five police win Inquirer awards for smashing poison ring.” Philadelphia Inquirer, April 10, 1939.

“Follow poison murder ring's trail to N.Y.” New York Daily News, May 14, 1939.

“Framed to hide poison deaths, prisoner says.” Philadelphia Inquirer, February 12, 1939.

“Gets 2-20 years in poison deaths.” Reading Times, December 13, 1939.

“G-men to enter probe of Phila. mass murders.” Delaware County Times, May 15, 1939.

“Hold 'death rose;' 12 more indicted.” New York Daily News, May 20, 1939.

“Insurance plot suspect linked with deaths of 3.” Allentown Morning Call, January 9, 1936.

“Jury given case of Reading man in N.J. drowning.” Reading Times, October 13, 1939.

“Kiss of death woman is held without bail.” Bristol Daily Courier, May 19, 1939.

“Last principal jailed in arsenic murder ring.” Scranton Times, December 13, 1945.

“Life sentence given Rodia in drowning case.” Camden Morning Post, October 14, 1939.

“'Love healer' gives up in poison ring probe.” New York Daily News, May 2, 1939.

“Man, woman convicted in murder-for-insurance trials.” Lancaster Intelligencer Journal, September 28, 1939.

“Murder-for-profit ring sets record in American crime.” New York Daily News, May 21, 1939.

“Murder gang used hemlock.” Salt Lake Telegram, May 4, 1939.

“Murder ring doctor makes guilty plea.” Harrisburg Evening News, February 26, 1940.

“Nab long-sought widow in mass-murder probe.” York Gazette and Daily, May 19, 1939.

“Nine New York murders laid to poisoners.” Pittsburgh Press, May 12, 1939.

“Petrillo dies in electric chair.” New Castle News, October 20, 1941.

“Petrillo's boast of arsenic murders revealed by witness.” Philadelphia Inquirer, September 26, 1939.

“Philadelphia police hunt sources of 'witch's brew.'” Racine (WI) Journal-Times, May 13, 1939.

“Poison ring plotted death of Phila. aides.” Camden (NJ) Morning Post, May 3, 1939.

“Poison slayer pleads guilty.” York Daily Record, September 16, 1939.

“Police arrest 2 more widows in poison quiz.” Philadelphia Inquirer, May 6, 1939.

“Quaker city starts arraigning mass-murder suspects.” Baltimore Sun, May 11, 1939.

“Rodio case is given to jury.” Philadelphia Inquirer, October 13, 1939.

“Rodio guilty of murder; doctor tries suicide.” Philadelphia Inquirer, October 14, 1939.

“Rose Carilli convicted of manslaughter.” Wilmington Morning News, December 14, 1939.

“Rose Carilli drops fight for freedom.” Wilmington Morning News, January 23, 1940.

“Rose Carina freed in $2500 bail for new murder trial.” Camden Morning Post, January 3, 1940.

“Says Swartz asked facts on poisons.” Philadelphia Inquirer, December 16, 1939.

“Seeress and collegian held in murder probe.” Pottsville Republican and Herald, June 20, 1939.

“Spared from chair.” Carlisle Sentinel, July 1, 1941.

“Survivors got lesser dose to postpone doom.” Camden (NJ) Morning Post, May 3, 1939.

“Suspect brought to N.J. for trial in insurance murder.” Camden Morning Post, June 7, 1939.

“Suspect in mass murders taken in Cleveland.” Carlisle Sentinel, May 17, 1939.

“Swartz insane; trial called off.” Philadelphia Inquirer, December 21, 1939.

“Two more admit their parts in death syndicate.” Sayre Evening Times, April 29, 1939.

“Two offered jobs as executioners expose vast murder corporation.” Racine (WI) Journal-Times, May 13, 1939.

“Two poison ring leaders admit part in deaths.” Harrisburg Evening News, April 29, 1939.

“Wife held in plot to poison husband.” Philadelphia Inquirer, September 28, 1938.

“Wife of former Scranton man is held for murder.” Scranton Times-Tribune, May 12, 1939.

“'Witch' sobs at life term for poison.” Philadelphia Inquirer, April 2, 1940.

“'Witch' swayed mind, wife-poisoner pleads.” Philadelphia Inquirer, March 21, 1940.

“Witness mailed death threats.” Wilmington (DE) News, January 6, 1939.

“Woman, 28, is shot by former suitor during a quarrel.” Brooklyn Eagle, December 14, 1936.

“Woman arrested climaxing probe of arsenic ring.” Wilmington Morning News, September 2, 1939.

“Woman poisoner twice attempts to take life.” Harrisburg Evening News, April 29, 1939.

Young, R.J. “Arsenic and No Lace: The Bizarre Tale of a Philadelphia Murder Ring.” Pennsylvania History 67:3 (Autumn 2000).

Commonwealth v. Petrillo, 12 A.2d 317, 338 Pa. 65 –

Commonwealth v. Petrillo, 16 A.2d 50, 340 Pa. 33 –

Commonwealth v. Petrillo, 19 A.2d 288, 341 Pa. 209 –

Commonwealth v. Giovanetti, 19 A.2d 119, 341 Pa. 345 –

Commonwealth v. Giacobbe, 19 A.2d 71, 341 Pa. 187 –

Philadelphia Poison Ring Murders: a Virtual Cemetery - Find A Grave

March 5th, 2021    

84 - The Phantom Stabber of Bridgeport

From 1925-1927, the city of Bridgeport, Connecticut was terrorized by an individual who came to be known as the “Phantom Stabber.” This unidentified person stabbed at least 25 people, mainly teenage girls. None of his victims were seriously injured, though. But in the wake of the Bridgeport attacks, other cities in Connecticut begin to experience assaults of their own, leading to the question: just how many victims did the Stabber really have?


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Opening music from "Dark Child" by Kevin MacLeod ( License: CC BY (

Closing music by Soma.



Alarming new outbreak of strange stranglers, stabbers and clippers.” Ogden (UT) Standard Examiner, December 18, 1927.

Attacks woman in street; may be phantom stabber.” Hartford Courant, January 4, 1928.

Bridgeport, Conn., 'phantom stabber' gets 25th victim.” Burlington (VT) Free Press, December 8, 1927.

Bridgeport's phantom stabber again active.” New Britain Herald, December 4, 1926.

Bridgeport's phantom stabber is again on rampage, girl attacked.” New Britain Herald, July 26, 1927.

Bridgeport phantom stabber out again.” New Britain Herald, May 31, 1928.

Bridgeport stabber gets 18th victim.” Hartford Courant, January 7, 1927.

Bridgeport woman cut; 'phantom' is suspected.” Hartford Courant, June 1, 1928.

Certain stabber story was hoax.” New Britain Herald, June 5, 1928.

Danbury 'phantom stabber' classed as mental child.” Hartford Courant, September 28, 1929.

Danbury's phantom stabber claims his third victim.” Meriden Record-Journal, May 9, 1929.

Doubt that stabber embraced girl.” Bridgeport Telegram, January 8, 1927.

Ernest Horn, 75, dies.” Bridgeport Post, June 18, 1957.

Fiend stabs boy, escapes in darkness.” Bridgeport Telegram, November 27, 1925.

Girl, face torn in embrace, says stabber attacked her upon street.” Bridgeport Telegram, January 7, 1927.

Girl stabbed at Bridgeport.” Barre (VT) Daily Times, July 26, 1927.

Girls stabbed by 'phantom'.” Meriden Journal, August 14, 1926.

Gripped by terror of the 'phantom stabber'.” Philadelphia Inquirer, February 6, 1927.

Hartford boy not stabber of Bridgeport.” Hartford Courant, February 18, 1928.

Mad stabber flees; posses in manhunt.” New York Daily News, March 21, 1929.

Man could have caught stabber, victim asserts.” Bridgeport Telegram, December 8, 1927.

Man stabs girl and gets away.” Hartford Courant, January 25, 1928.

Man, under cover of fog, stabs woman; wound serious.” Bridgeport Telegram, December 31, 1927.

Man, who struck teacher,, is held pending inquiry.” Bridgeport Telegram, January 6, 1927.

Maniac, missing since March, caught in N.H.” Hartford Courant, November 8, 1929.

Mystery of Bridgeport's 16 stabbed girls.” San Francisco Examiner, December 26, 1926.

News of Southington.” Meriden Journal, January 26, 1928.

'Phantom stabber' again.” Burlington (VT) Free Press, January 7, 1928.

'Phantom stabber' again walks; boy is victim.” Palm Beach (FL) Post, November 28, 1925.

'Phantom stabber' appears in city again, strikes at girl.” Bridgeport Telegram, August 6, 1926.

Phantom stabber escapes.” Cincinnati Enquirer, January 4, 1928.

'Phantom stabber' gets 25th victim, strikes at girl on Pequonnock St.” Bridgeport Telegram, December 8, 1927.

Phantom stabber gets 26th victim.” Burlington (VT) Free Press, December 31, 1927.

Phantom stabber hits again, girl in Stamford is victim.” Meriden Record-Journal, October 17, 1928.

'Phantom stabber' in Bridgeport cuts twenty-third girl.” Hartford Courant, August 28, 1927.

Phantom stabber reappears in Derby, girl is injured.” Bridgeport Telegram, July 1, 1927.

'Phantom stabber' rumor excites women of city.” New Britain Herald, January 11, 1928.

Phantom stabber suspect arrested, held for examination.” Hartford Courant, December 23, 1927.

Phantom stabs girl in Beardsley Park, makes good his 24th escape.” Bridgeport Telegram, September 30, 1927.

Police busy running down phantom stabber rumors.” Meriden Journal, January 19, 1928.

Police close on stabber's trail.” New Britain Herald, December 9, 1927.

Police must be futile, hampered, priest declares.” Bridgeport Telegram, December 9, 1927.

Police reticence on 'stabber' is seen as concealment coup.” Bridgeport Telegram, December 12, 1925.

Police seek two who saw stabber.” Bridgeport Telegram, August 7, 1926.

Tells of attack by stabber here two weeks ago.” Hartford Courant, January 5, 1928.

Tennis star, 14, 24th victim of ghost stabber.” New York Daily News, September 30, 1927.

The phantom stabber.” Bridgeport Telegram, December 9, 1927.

The phantom stabber returns.” Hartford Courant, September 5, 1926.

Stabber again plys his game.” Billings (MT) Gazette, December 31, 1927.

Stabber victims will be called to look at suspect.” Bridgeport Telegram, December 23, 1927.

Stabber wounds two more girls; nearly captured by steeple-jack.” Bridgeport Telegram, August 13, 1926.

Stabber's victim would 'slap him good and hard.'” Bridgeport Telegram, September 30, 1927.

Stabbing fiend lies low as police net is drawn.” Bridgeport Telegram, November 25, 1925.

Stabbing fiend suspect freed of major charge.” Bridgeport Telegram, December 4, 1925.

Stabs girl at entrance of church.” Rutland (VT) News, October 8, 1926.

Two more girls stabbing victims; total now eight.” Bridgeport Telegram, November 24, 1925.

Withdraw all but few men from routine work is Behrens' suggestion.” Bridgeport Telegram, December 9, 1927.

Woman asserts she was stabbed over month ago, police question theory.” Bridgeport Telegram, December 12, 1927.

Levins, Peter. “What has happened to justice? How phantom stabber terrorized Bridgeport in three-year reign.” New York Daily News, April 13, 1930.

History - Bridgeport, CT


February 12th, 2021    

83 - The Periphery of the Canon

In the midst of the furor in the press, British and otherwise, circulating around the notorious Jack The Ripper murders in Whitechapel, references are made to a number of murders attributed to the same killer. Several of these cases are discussed here, and the particulars of them examined to determine whether the notion of their being Ripper murders is a theory with any merit.


“A Jack the Ripper in Holland.” Wilkes-Barre (PA) Record, November 25, 1898.

“Another Jack the Ripper.” Mound Valley (KS) Herald, September 8, 1893.

“Brutal Murder in St. Catherine.” Kingston Daily Gleaner, January 1, 1889.

“De drievoudige moord te Marolleput.” Nieuwsblad van het Noorden. November 17, 1893.

“De moord te Marolleput.” Dagblad van Zuidholland en 's Gravenhage, September 1, 1893.

De moord te Marolleput.” Opregte Haarlemsche Courant, September 11, 1893.

“El Destripador Asturiano.” El Imparcial, April 6, 1895.

“Fiendish Murder of a Young Woman Near Gateshead.” Hull Daily Mail, September 24, 1888.

“Jack At Work Again.” Mitchell (SD) Daily Republican, January 23, 1889.

“Jack el Destripador en España.” El Imparcial, April 5, 1895.

“Jack The Ripper.” Atchison (KS) Daily Globe, February 7, 1889.

“Moord te Marolleput.” De Telegraaf, September 1, 1893.

“Moord te Marolleput.” De Telegraaf, September 6, 1893.

“Moord te Marolleput.” De Telegraaf, September 12, 1893.

“Murder At Birtley.” Illustrated Police News, September 29, 1888.

“Spanish Town.” Kingston Daily Gleaner, January 11, 1889.

Spanish Town.” Kingston Daily Gleaner, January 14, 1889.

The Gateshead Murder.” Eastern Morning News, September 26, 1888.

The Murder of Estina Crawford.” Kingston Daily Gleaner, January 16, 1889.

The Tragedy Near Gateshead.” Hull Daily Mail, September 25, 1888.

Begg, Paul and John Bennett. Jack the Ripper: The Forgotten Victims. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2013.

Machiel Lampier (1858 - 1931) - Genealogy (

Maria Theresia Banckaart (c.1819 - 1893) - Genealogy (

Rosalia Bert (c.1853 - 1893) - Genealogy (

Melanie Octavie Bert (c.1852 - 1893) - Genealogy (

Casebook: Jack the Ripper - A Ripper Victim That Wasn't: The Capture of Jane Beadmore's Killer

El blog de "Acebedo": Francisco Martínez Incógnito ,"el Botas"

November 19th, 2020    

82 - The Mystery of Kaspar Hauser

In 1828, a young man wandered into the city of Nuremberg. No older than fifteen or sixteen, he told a strange story, of how he had been kept in a dungeon for years, ignorant of where he was or who was keeping him there. And one day, he was pulled from his prison and sent to the city. For the next several years, controversy raged as to who this young man was. And in 1833 he would die, his death, like his life, a mystery. Was he a noble plucked from death and hidden away? Was he a foundling exiled from his home? Or was he simply a trickster?


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Closing music by Soma.



Bondeson, Jan. The Great Pretenders. New York: W.W. Norton, 2004.

Lang, Andrew. Historic Mysteries. London: Smith, Elder and Co., 1905.

Stanhope, Catherine Lucy Wilhelmina. The True Story of Kaspar Hauser, from Official Documents. London: Macmillan and Co., 1893.

Stanhope, Philip Henry. Tracts Relating to Caspar Hauser. London: James S. Hodson, 1836.

Valbert, M.G. “The History of a Delusion.” Popular Science Monthly 30 (April 1887).

von Feuerbach, Paul Johann Anselm Ritter. Caspar Hauser: An Account of an Individual Kept in a Dungeon, Separated From All Communication With the World, From Early Childhood to About the Age of Seventeen. Boston: Allen and Ticknor, 1832.

October 28th, 2020    

81 - The Demon of the Belfry

San Francisco, 1895. One of the more notorious trials of the 19th Century was that of Theo Durrant, "the Demon of the Belfry," for the murders of two young ladies in Emmanuel Baptist Church.

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A Bloody Shoe is Found in the Church.” San Francisco Call, April 21, 1895.

A Dreadful Affair!” Boston Globe, May 24, 1875.

A Horrible Tragedy in a Church.” San Francisco Chronicle, April 14, 1895.

A Murderer Hanged.” Morrisville (VT) News and Citizen, June 1, 1876.

Alleged Expose of Theo. Durrant.” Spokane Spokesman-Review, August 21, 1895.

Blacker Grows the Cloud Over Emmanuel Baptist Church.” San Francisco Call, April 15, 1895.

Blanche Lamont's Ring.” Downs (KS) Times, September 26, 1895.

Blood Stained Coat Found in Berkeley.” San Francisco Call, April 23, 1895.

Durrant and His Girl Companion Traced Beyond Church Gate.” San Francisco Chronicle, September 18, 1895.

Durrant Rode With A Bundle.” San Francisco Examiner, April 21, 1895.

Durrant Will Hang.” Fort Wayne Gazette, May 16, 1897.

Durrant's Story Ended.” Topeka Daily Capital, October 12, 1895.

Five Years of Undetected Crimes.” San Francisco Call, August 7, 1898.

Flimsy Yarn.” Xenia (OH) Daily Gazette, October 28, 1895.

Fluegel is in a Fix.” San Francisco Chronicle, January 3, 1895.

Forging the Chain.” Vancouver Daily World, April 17, 1895.

George King to Testify To-day.” San Francisco Chronicle, September 18, 1895.

Her Aim Was Bad.” San Francisco Call, June 9, 1891.

Martin Quinlan's Victim.” San Francisco Examiner, September 16, 1891.

Missing From Home.” San Francisco Chronicle, April 10, 1895.

Planning Alibis for Durrant.” San Francisco Examiner, October 29, 1895.

Press Privileges.” Champaign (IL) Daily Gazette, October 4, 1895.

Quinlan Pugilistically Inclined.” San Francisco Call, August 5, 1891.

Rev. J. George Gibson Pays His Respects to Eugene Deuprey.” San Francisco Chronicle, October 1, 1895.

Secretary McCoy of the Y.M.C.A. Is a New Figure in the Durrant Trial.” San Francisco Chronicle, October 2, 1895.

She Tried To Keep Her Secret.” San Francisco Examiner, September 14, 1895.

Slayer of M.D. Foley Becomes a Bride.” San Francisco Examiner, January 5, 1899.

Still After Gibson.” San Francisco Call, April 26, 1895.

Taken Into the Mission.” San Francisco Examiner, September 17, 1895.

The Durrant Trial.” Chilliwack (BC) Progress, October 2, 1895.

The Missing Lady.” Anaconda (MT) Standard, April 11, 1895.

The New Witness Against Durrant.” San Francisco Examiner, August 17, 1895.

Theo. Durrant's Double.” Saint Paul Globe, August 3, 1895.

Think He is Insane.” St. Louis Post-Dispatch, July 25, 1895.

Adams, Samuel Hopkins. The Great American Fraud: Articles on the Nostrum Evil and Quacks. New York: P.F. Collier & Sons, 1905.

Jackson, Joseph Henry and Lenore Glen Offord. The Girl in the Belfry. Greenwich, CT: Fawcett, 1957.

Peixotto, Edgar D. Report of the Trial of William Henry Theodore Durrant. Detroit: Collector Publishing, 1899.,Gibson%2C%20resigned%20his%20parish%20in%20Scotland%20in%201887.

October 10th, 2020    

80 - The Smallest of the Small

Caroline Crachami, "The Sicilian Fairy," was one of the earliest identified cases of primordial dwarfism known.  She was barely a foot and a half feet tall.  The Mexican Lucia Zarate had a similar condition.

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Little People Make Mark On History.” Binghamton (NY) Press and Sun-Bulletin, February 5, 1978.

Two Human Wonders.” St. Louis Post-Dispatch, November 10, 1876.

Bondeson, Jan. A Cabinet of Medical Curiosities. New York: W.W. Norton, 1999.

Wood, Gaby. “The Smallest of All Persons Mentioned in the Records of Littleness.” London Review of Books 19:24 (December 11, 1997).

September 26th, 2020    

79 - Helen Eiker

The story of Helen Eiker, a Gettysburg, Pennsylvania woman who was the first woman convicted of homicide in Adams County.  At only 18, she was one of the youngest people convicted, as well.  There was a loose connection with the Pennsylvania Dutch magical tradition known as pow-wow.

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Accuses Daughter-in-Law of Faith in Pow-wowism; Girl Adds to Revelations.” Gettysburg Times, December 10, 1928.

Bar Reporters from Talking To Mrs. Eiker.” Gettysburg Times, March 18, 1929.

Court Reserves His Decision in Motion for New Eiker Trial.” Gettysburg Times, October 16, 1928.

Eiker Estate Valued At $300.” Gettysburg Times, July 18, 1928.

Eiker Killed Himself in Struggle to Wrest Gun from Girl-wife, is Defense Plea in Trial of Widow.” Gettysburg Times, August 29, 1928.

Fatal Shot An Accident, She Says.” Carlisle Sentinel, August 30, 1928.

Mrs. Eiker Blamed For Husband's Death By Coroner's Jury.” Gettysburg Times, July 18, 1928.

Mrs. Helen Eiker is Buried Today.” Gettysburg Times, November 21, 1932.

Mrs. Helen Eiker Denies Faith in 'Pow-wowism'; Reveals Fake Treatments.” Gettysburg Times, December 8, 1928.

Mrs. Helen Eiker Dies This Morning After Long Illness.” Gettysburg Times, November 18, 1932.

Mrs. Helen Eiker Sentenced to 5-10 Years in Prison.” Gettysburg Times, March 4, 1929.

Mrs. Helen Eiker Starts Sentence.” Hanover Evening Sun, March 22, 1929.

Percy Eiker, Killed by Wife, Tries to Shield Her With Story of Suicide Attempt.” Gettysburg Times, July 10, 1928.

Shoots Husband.” East Berlin News-Comet, July 13, 1928.

Slain Man Buried; Widow Views Body.” East Berlin News-Comet, July 20, 1928.

Slayer of Spouse is Critical in Hospital in Philadelphia.” Gettysburg Times, June 18, 1930.

Slayer Sinks Lower, Report At Hospital.” Gettysburg Times, June 19, 1930.

Swope Claims Court Biased in His Charge.” Gettysburg Times, September 1, 1928.

Young Convicted Widowed-Mother Was 'Pow-wowed'.” Gettysburg Times, December 7, 1928.

Young Mother is Convicted of Second Degree Murder; Jury is Out Only 4 Hours.” Gettysburg Times, August 30, 1928.

Young Mother is Indifferent About Verdict.” Gettysburg Times, August 31, 1928.

Young Wife Charged With Husband's Murder.” Adams County Independent, July 12, 1928.

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