Forgotten Darkness

Strange things are lost and forgotten in obscure corners of the newspaper.

November 4th, 2019    

56 - The Disappearance of Ambrose Small

Ambrose J. Small was a wealthy theater manager who disappeared without a trace on the evening of December 2, 1919 near one of his theaters in Toronto, Ontario. There was no shortage of theories and possibilities as to what happened. Was it the long-suffering wife? The obsessive, clingy mistress? The secretary who had robbed him? Or someone else?

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Closing music by Soma.


Lethbridge Herald, January 14, 1925.

“$65,000 was set aside to trace Ambrose Small.” Montreal Gazette, November 13, 1922.

“Allege effort to blackmail in Small case.” Regina Leader-Post, June 5, 1922.

“Ambrose Small case confession called forgery.” Winnipeg Tribune, November 25, 1936.

“Ambrose Small not man found by detectives.” Montreal Gazette, August 16, 1921.

“Arrested when he bared his head.” Boston Post, December 5, 1920.

“Bares torture in kidnapping of Canadian.” Santa Ana Register, August 15, 1921.

“Believe Small is alive.” Ottawa Citizen, November 25, 1920.

“Doughty and detective are on their way.” Montreal Gazette, November 25, 1920.

“Doughty says absconded when panic stricken.” Vancouver Sun, December 31, 1920.

“Doughty sent up for trial, theft charge.” Ottawa Citizen, December 31, 1920.

“Ex-janitor and wife to testify against Doughty.” Montreal Gazette, November 26, 1920.

“Excavation of dump for Small body planned.” Winnipeg Tribune, November 14, 1928.

“Former Small maid gone from asylum.” Ottawa Journal, December 19, 1924.

“Hoping arrest of Doughty to solve mystery.” Ottawa Citizen, November 25, 1920.

“Hotelman would see detective.” Montreal Gazette, June 26, 1922.

“Is Small in bay?” Saskatoon Daily Star, April 5, 1922.

“Lost millionaire dead to world but legally alive to law.” Spokane Spokesman-Review, April 22, 1923.

“Man exploited as lost millionaire unknown cripple.” Des Moines Tribune, August 16, 1921.

“Mystery gives way to strange acts of sleuth.” Salt Lake Tribune, November 4, 1928.

“New Langsner move in Small case expected.” Winnipeg Tribune, November 16, 1928.

“New Orleans opera house, scene of glorious triumphs, now a mass of ruins.” Musical America, December 13, 1919.

“Not Small, declare Sackett and Hogarth.” Des Moines Tribune, August 16, 1921.

“Nothing overlooked by police searching for Ambrose Small.” Vancouver Province, December 3, 1920.

“Only vague chance.” Montreal Gazette, November 26, 1920.

“Paris knows nothing of Ambrose J. Small.” Ottawa Journal, August 13, 1920.

“Permission for probate given.” Winnipeg Tribune, June 5, 1923.

“Prof. Langsner to attempt to solve disappearance of five-year-old Julia Johnson.” Winnipeg Tribune, November 1, 1928.

“Prof. X's mind slowly clearing.” Camden (NJ) Courier-Post, January 12, 1920.

“Reward of $50,000 starts new international search for Small.” Buffalo Times, May 28, 1923.

“Reward offer of $50,000 to expire Sept. 1.” Des Moines Register, August 15, 1921.

“Search for Small's body in Montreal.” Ottawa Citizen, January 19, 1921.

“Small's body is found in dead house.” Regina Leader-Post, August 13, 1920.

“Small fake is exposed – newspaper hoax bared by Register.” Des Moines Register, August 16, 1921.

“Small named defendant in $52,500 suit.” Windsor Star, May 5, 1922.

“Small thought buried near ravine.” Windsor Star, March 9, 1922.

“Small will not genuine, according to an aunt.” Winnipeg Tribune, March 22, 1924.

“Suspected of being Ambrose Small, he resents detention.” Vancouver Sun, December 3, 1920.

“Think Ambrose Small may be alive and in hiding near Kemptville, Ontario.” Calgary Herald, February 5, 1921.

“This clue doubted.” Windsor Star, June 24, 1922.

“Thought he was Small.” Montreal Gazette, February 21, 1921.

“Thought man in Des Moines may be lost magnate.” Freeport (IL) Journal-Standard, August 15, 1921.

“Toronto detective, returning with Doughty, declares only part of Small story is known.” Ottawa Citizen, November 25, 1920.

“Toronto studies Langsner claim in Small case.” Winnipeg Tribune, October 6, 1928.

“Trace missing millionaire.” Nebraska State Journal, August 15, 1921.

“Vienna's Sherlock Holmes unknown to police world.” Winnipeg Tribune, September 13, 1928.

“Visit to bank vault.” Montreal Gazette, November 26, 1920.

“Witness avers Doughty of kidnapping.” Montreal Gazette, March 23, 1921.

“Witness says signature on will forgery.” Ottawa Journal, November 19, 1936.

“Woman friend of Small in Toronto.” Montreal Gazette, May 25, 1922.

Allen, Robert Thomas. “What really happened to Ambrose Small?” Maclean's Magazine, January 15, 1951.

Daubs, Katie. “Toronto's scoundrel of the century.” Toronto Star, September 7, 2019.

Dominion Law Reports, vol. 64 (C.E.T. Fitzgerald, C.B. Labatt, Russel S. Smart, and A.P. Grigg, editors). Toronto: Canada Law Book, 1922.

O'Leary, Dillon. “Small: foul play or did he run out?” Ottawa Journal, November 23, 1974.

St. John, Jordan. Lost Breweries of Toronto. Charleston, SC: The History Press, 2014.

October 29th, 2019    

Halloween 2019

Second Halloween episode. This year's creepy stories are the tales of the cursed Zoarites of New York State; the black-veiled Reverend Moody of 1700s Maine; Connecticut's Moodus mystery booms, a battle of witches, and a cursed jewel; Detroit's Nain Rouge; a morbid phantom at Holly Tree Cottage, in England; the 1938 urban legend of the New Orleans “devil man"; and bizarre behavior and sightings at the scene of some fires in 1909 Rochester, New York.

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Opening music from "Dark Child" by Kevin MacLeod ( License: CC BY (
Closing music by Soma.


“Maybe balloon lodged on roof.” Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, August 16, 1909.

“The peddler's curse.” Cincinnati Enquirer, February 13, 1892.

F.V.C. “From Across the Abyss.” The Occult Review, February 1909.

Potter, Gail M. "The Legend of Handkerchief Moody." From Mysterious New England. Camden, ME: Yankee Books, 1971.

Ries, Maurice. “Weird story of the Louisiana Devil Man.” San Bernardino County Sun, December 18, 1938.

Skinner, Charles M. Myths and Legends of Our Own Land. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1896.

October 23rd, 2019    

55 - The Hex Cat of Tumbling Run

In autumn 1911, the Tumbling Run valley in Pennsylvania was afflicted by a curse in the shape of a black cat.  This is a story of misfortune, the supernatural, black cats in cages, and arson. 

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Opening music from "Dark Child" by Kevin MacLeod ( License: CC BY (

Closing music by Soma.


“After a witchcat.” Indiana Weekly Messenger, May 22, 1912.

“Alleged hex cat captured.” Pottsville Republican, September 30, 1911.

“Another runaway attributed to hex.” Pottsville Republican, October 3, 1911.

“Ask that hex cat be forgotten.” Pottsville Republican, November 2, 1911.

“Bad crops laid to Mary's witch cat.” Adams County Independent, October 21, 1911.

“Called sister witch.” Lancaster Inquirer, September 30, 1911.

“Death by hex, many other calamities.” Pottsville Republican, September 22, 1911.

“Hex cat dodges bullet of gold.” Pottsville Republican and Herald, September 28, 1911.

“Hex cat fails to turn up to be shot with a gold bullet.” New Castle Herald, October 6, 1911.

“Hex cat man is frozen to death.” Mount Carmel Item, January 8, 1918.

“Hex cat worries Schuylkill County.” Allentown Democrat, October 10, 1911.

“Hex cats' victim tries to burn 2 tenements.” Danville Morning News, June 17, 1916.

“Hex doctors congress on bewitched farm.” Greenville Record-Argus, September 30, 1911.

“Hex victim is buried, spirits after daughter.” Pottsville Republican, September 26, 1911.

“Many want to capture hex cat.” Pottsville Republican, September 29, 1911.

“News oddities.” Lancaster Semi-Weekly New Era, June 17, 1916.

“No arson in hex fire.” Harrisburg Telegraph, November 24, 1916.

“Pottsville has a hex of a time.” Pottsville Republican, October 16, 1911.

“Powwow folk fix it all up.” Lebanon Courier and Semi-Weekly Report, October 3, 1911.

“Supposed demon cat is captured with Bible.” Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, October 2, 1911.

“That Tumbling Run hex.” Pottsville Republican, September 26, 1911.

“Thomas, hex cat victim, to spend 90 days in jail.” Mount Carmel Item, June 28, 1916.

“Will kill hex cat for $25.” Pottsville Republican, October 11, 1911.

“Witches are blamed for man's ill luck.” San Francisco Examiner, December 3, 1911.,Last_Name+asc&q=thomas&fq%5B%5D=State%3A%22Pennsylvania%22

October 17th, 2019    

54 - Pigheaded Women

Urban legends from the Netherlands, France, Germany, and England, speak of women with the heads of pigs.  Similar tales are still extant in the urban legends of the United States.

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Opening music from "Dark Child" by Kevin MacLeod ( License: CC BY (
Closing music by Soma.


London Examiner, February 26, 1815.

“Lady Hyde Parker's masqued fete, &c.” London Morning Post, May 31, 1815.

“Summary account of the prophetic origin and history of Joanna Southcott,” The Exeter Flying Post, September 8, 1814.

Bondeson, Jan. The Two-Headed Boy, and Other Medical Marvels. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2000.

— and Arie Molenkamp. “The Countess Margaret of Henneberg and her 365 children.” Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 89 (December 1996).

Chambers, Robert. “'Modern myths' – the pig-faced lady,” Chambers' Edinburgh Journal, August 17, 1850.

de Rochechouart, Françoise-Athénaïs, Marquise de Montespan. Memoirs of Madame la Marquise de Montespan. Boston: L.C. Page and Company, 1899.

"A Certaine Relation of the Hog-faced Gentlewoman...”;view=fulltext

"A Monstrous Shape, or a Shapelesse Monster.”;view=fulltext

“The Long-Nos'd Lass.”

October 11th, 2019    

53 - The Oklahoma Earless Murders

In the summer of 1907, two bodies turned up in different sections of Oklahoma, shot, presumably robbed – and with their ears cut off.

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Closing music by Soma.


“Another mystery.” McAlester Daily Capital, August 2, 1907.

“Black Hand in Oklahoma.” Drummond Herald, August 15, 1907.

“Brutal murder in box car.” Parsons (KS) Daily Sun, July 29, 1907.

“Bury body held 5 years.” St. Louis (MO) Globe-Democrat, April 29, 1912.

“Charles Gunreth is a victim of murderous organization.” Oklahoma Post, August 2, 1907.

“Crawford is yet alive.” Tuttle Times, August 9, 1907.

“Crime is fixed on Tuttle man.” Lawton Daily News-Republican, August 2, 1907.

“Crimes committed by the same persons?” Chickasha Daily Express, August 7, 1907.

“Ear snipped body again identified.” Wichita Beacon, December 20, 1911.

“Ear snipper up again.” Chickasha Daily Express, March 20, 1908.

“Ear snippers are believed to be in custody of officers.” Oklahoma Post, September 9, 1907.

“Earless body is unidentified.” McAlester Daily Capital, August 3, 1907.

“Ears severed from the heads.” Jasper (IN) Herald, August 9, 1907.

“Earlsboro man is discharged.” Shawnee Daily Herald, September 18, 1907.

“Expect more arrests in Gunreth mystery.” Oklahoma Post, September 14, 1907.

“False arrest suits in murder mystery put off.” Daily Oklahoman, April 22, 1910.

“Find body of murdered man.” Oklahoma News, March 18, 1907.

“Firm under sweating.” Ardmore Morning Democrat, September 11, 1907.

“Five men arrested, two are discharged.” Chickasha Daily Express, July 30, 1907.

“Frantz offers reward.” Daily Ardmoreite, August 12, 1907.

“Fryrear returns.” Tuttle Times, August 16, 1907.

“The Gunreth murder.” Lawton Daily News-Republican, March 25, 1908.

“Identification now complete.” Hobart Daily Republican, April 1, 1907.

“Identity of dead man brought to light.” Hobart Daily Republican, March 22, 1907.

“Indian may have committed the crime.” Oklahoma Post, August 2, 1907.

“Isabel boy not victim.” Wichita Daily Eagle, August 23, 1907.

“Isabel items.” Barber County Index, September 4, 1907.

“Maintain innocence.” Chickasha Daily Express, September 11, 1907.

“Man found in Elk Creek.” Roosevelt Record, March 22, 1907.

“May be murderers of unknown man.” Lawton Daily News-Republican, July 29, 1907.

“May catch ear snippers.” Chickasha Daily Express, December 26, 1907.

“May have been Tuttle man.” Lawton Daily News-Republican, August 1, 1907.

“May have murderer.” Chickasha Journal, July 30, 1907.

“Most brutal murder committed.” Chickasha Daily Express, July 29, 1907.

“Mummy is positively identified.” Chickasha Daily Express, December 21, 1911.

“Murder case still a mystery.” Oklahoma City Weekly Times, August 9, 1907.

“Murder growing mysterious.” Cement Courier, August 9, 1907.

“Murder mystery grows complex!” Hobart Daily Republican, July 20, 1907.

“Murdered in car.” Fort Smith (AR) Times, July 29, 1907.

“Mysterious ear clipping baffle Oklahoma officials.” Greensboro (NC) Daily News, October 27, 1907.

“Mysteriously disappeared.” Tuttle Times, August 2, 1907.

“Not able to solve.” Shawnee Union Gazette, August 3, 1907.

“Officers have right clue in big mystery.” Ardmore Morning Democrat, September 18, 1907.

“One more victim of band of thugs.” Muskogee Daily Phoenix, August 2, 1907.

“Sees his sister among the dead.” Oklahoma Post, September 1, 1907.

“Still unidentified.” Daily Ardmoreite, August 20, 1907.

“Theory of Gunreth murder revives old seduction story.” Oklahoma Post, August 7, 1907.

“Three Tuttle men arrested.” Chickasha Journal, August 1, 1907.

“To call special grand jury.” Chickasha Journal, August 5, 1907.

“Two men found dead with ears clipped off.” Houston Post, September 3, 1912.

“Unknown man murdered in Frisco box car.” Chickasha Journal, July 29, 1907.

“Waters of Big Elk reveal ghastly crime.” Hobart Daily Republican, March 18, 1907.

“Wilbur Gunreth's mother fails to identify body.” Oklahoma Post, August 3, 1907.

“Will offer reward.” Vinita Daily Chieftain, August 5, 1907.


October 3rd, 2019    

52 - Screaming Skulls

There is a tradition in certain homes in England – northern England, mainly – of keeping a skull in a house or else poltergeist phenomena will ensue. Generally these are called “screaming skulls,” although only a small number are reputed to make any sound whatsoever. What are these “screaming skulls”? A remnant of ancestor worship? Several skulls are described.

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Opening music from "Dark Child" by Kevin MacLeod ( License: CC BY (
Closing music by Soma.


“Northern answers,” Yorkshire Herald, June 13, 1896.

“Wardley Hall and the legend of the skull,” Manchester Weekly Times, September 9, 1892.

Baring-Gould, Sabine. A Book of Folk-Lore. London: Collins, 1913.

Clarke, David. The Head Cult: Tradition and Folklore Surrounding the Symbol of the Severed Human Head in the British Isles. PhD Thesis: University of Sheffield, 1999.

Holland, Richard. A Guide to Welsh Ghostlore. The History Press, 2011.

Jennings, Louis John. Rambles Among the Hills in the Peak of Derbyshire, and the South Downs. London: John Murray, 1880.

Lysons, Daniel and Samuel. Magna Britannia: Being A Concise Topographical Account of the Several Counties of Great Britain, vol. 3. London: T. Cadell and W. Davies, 1814.

Roberts, Kai. Folklore of Yorkshire. The History Press, 2013.

Sturluson, Snorri. Heimskringla, History of the Kings of Norway (translated by Lee M. Hollander). Austin: University of Texas Press, 2002 (reprint of 1964 edition).

Sussex Archaeological Collections, Relating to the History and Antiquities of the County (vol. XVI). Lewes, Sussex: George P. Bacon, 1864.

October 3rd, 2019    

Pearl Bryan/Bobby Mackey’s w/ Boos and Spirits

September 23rd, 2019    

51 - Murder Swamp and the Bodies in the Boxcars

From the 1920s until the 1940s, parts of western Pennsylvania were plagued by reports of beheaded and dissected bodies.  Police believed they might have been the work of a notorious American serial killer...

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Opening music from "Dark Child" by Kevin MacLeod ( License: CC BY (

Closing music by Soma.


“Another victim of mad butcher.” Uniontown Morning Herald, November 4, 1940.

“Car inspector locates head this morning.” New Castle News, October 19, 1939.

“Cleveland torso slayer suspected in Pittsburgh case.” Kane Republican, May 3, 1940.

“Coroner's jury probes murder.” New Castle News, July 20, 1921.

“Detective finds missing head this afternoon.” New Castle News, October 8, 1925.

“Detectives check railroad route of 3 death cars.” Kane Republican, May 4, 1940.

“Headless bodies found in swamp.” Warren Tribune, October 19, 1925.

“Headless bodies of three men found in R.R. yard in Pittsburgh.” York Gazette and Daily, May 4, 1940.

“Headless body of girl found at New Castle.” Shamokin News-Dispatch, October 14, 1939.

“Headless body of slain girl found in Murder Swamp.” Danville Morning News, October 14, 1939.

“Mad butcher victim found at New Castle.” Franklin News-Herald, November 5, 1940.

“Manhunt for mad butcher.” Warren Times-Mirror, May 4, 1940.

“Murderer of Mrs. Emma Jackson near Ellwood still at large.” New Castle News, March 18, 1921.

“Mystery of headless body baffles authorities.” New Castle News, October 7, 1925.

“New Castle Junction car reveals mystery.” New Castle News, July 2, 1936.

“No solution to headless body mystery as yet,” New Castle News, October 16, 1939.

“Organize search for new victims of head-chopper.” Harrisburg Telegraph, October 19, 1925.

“Reported identification of one of marsh victims investigated by sheriff.” New Castle News, October 21, 1925.

“Second skull found.” New Castle News, October 19, 1925.

“Seek method of identifying man in murder case.” New Castle News, October 20, 1939.

“Seeks fiend hiding in swamp.” Buffalo (NY) Courier, October 18, 1925.

“Shred of burnt shirt 'headless murder' clue.” Harrisburg Telegraph, October 21, 1939.

“Swamp reveals new mystery as body is found.” New Castle News, October 16, 1934.

Badal, James Jessen. In the Wake of the Butcher: Cleveland's Torso Murders. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 2001.

—. Hell's Wasteland: The Pennsylvania Torso Murders. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 2013.

Catalog of Copyright Entries: Part 3, Musical Compositions. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1941.

Hazen, Aaron L. 20th Century History of New Castle and Lawrence County. Chicago: Richmond-Arnold Publishing, 1908.

September 16th, 2019    

50 - The Murder of L. Sealey Houk

The story of the murder of L. Sealey Houk and the arrest of Rocco Racco, as told in a reading from "Pinkertons Write History of the Houk Case for the Herald," New Castle Herald, October 3, 1908.

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Opening music from "Dark Child" by Kevin MacLeod ( License: CC BY (

Closing music by Soma.

September 9th, 2019    

49 - The Phantoms of ‘52

The highways of the Midwestern United States were home to two unidentified individuals known as “phantoms” in 1952. Well, one individual and one that very well may have been mass hysteria. These are the stories of the 40 Phantom that haunted Ohio's roadways, terrified truck drivers, and resembled something from a Misfits song or Rob Zombie video; and the Blue Phantom, who took potshots at Illinois motorists (maybe), are featured.

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Opening music from "Dark Child" by Kevin MacLeod ( License: CC BY (

Closing music by Soma.

SOURCES – 40 Phantom

Zanesville Times-Recorder, March 29, 1952.

“Columbus man is victim; stolen auto recovered.”  Newark Advocate, March 4, 1952.

“Frightened drivers glimpse Route 40 phantom in area.”  Salem News, March 27, 1952.

“Green phantom blamed in wreck; gagster fined.”  East Liverpool Evening Review, March 29, 1952.

“Green phantom fails to show after calls.”  Salem News, March 31, 1952.

“Highway ghost phones warning of tonight's run.”  East Liverpool Evening Review, March 28, 1952.

“Highway phantom calls his shot.”  Zanesville Times-Recorder, March 29, 1952.

“His name is Legion.”  Marion Star, March 19, 1952.

“Jury visits highway crime scene,”  Newark Advocate, April 29, 1952.

“Lausche refuses to intervene in Louis Angel case.”  Newark Advocate, January 23, 1953.

“Legion enter chase for phantom gunman.”  Raleigh Register (Beckley, WV), February 19, 1952.

“Marshall challenges phantom.”  Zanesville Times-Recorder, March 20, 1952.

“Mystery gunman clue uncovered,”  Charleston (WV) Daily Mail, February 14, 1952.

“Pawnbroker says he lent Angel $20 on murder gun.”  Lancaster Eagle-Gazette, May 1, 1952.

“Phantom gunman sought by police.” Charleston (WV) Daily Mail, February 1, 1952.

“Phantom dares Ohio sheriff.” Anderson (IN) Herald, March 16, 1952.

“Phantom does as boasted, haunts Rt. 7.” Salem News, March 29, 1952.

“Phantom driver scares truckers on Ohio highway.” New Philadelphia Daily Times, March 7, 1952.

“Phantom seen again.” Mansfield News-Journal, March 20, 1952.

“Phantom skeleton may be dancing now on Route 7.” East Liverpool Evening Review, March 13, 1952.

“Route 40 phantom chases 4 drivers near West Point.” East Liverpool Evening Review, March 27, 1952.

“Route 40 phantom frightens auto, truck drivers in Ohio.” Cumberland (MD) Evening Times, March 7, 1952.

“Rt. 40 phantom utilizes green smoke screen.” Salem News, March 20, 1952.

“Takes latest scientific gadgets for successful ghost these days.” Zanesville Times-Recorder, March 15, 1952.

“Terror on a highway.” Kansas City (MO) Times, March 7, 1952.

“Who's scared? Er, how much for bullet-proof windows?” Charleston (WV) Daily Mail, February 15, 1952.

SOURCES – Blue Phantom

“Blue phantom fires at three motorists Sunday, police hear.” Dixon Evening Telegraph, June 9, 1952.

“Blue phantom gunman's raiding continues in Illinois.” Tucson (AZ) Daily Citizen, June 7, 1952.

“Blue phantom gunman sought for shooting at motorists.” Denton (TX) Record-Chronicle, June 9, 1952.

“Blue phantom on prowl in Fairview – with water gun.” Decatur Daily Review, June 13, 1952.

“Blue phantom reports spread to Indiana.” Mattoon Journal-Gazette, June 10, 1952.

“Blue phantom sniper fires on motorists from fast car.” Mount Vernon Register-News, May 31, 1952.

“Boy, 16, adds to confusion in mystery shooting.” St. Louis (MO) Globe-Democrat, June 1, 1952.

“Bullet near body hampers inquiry.” Joplin (MO) Globe, June 1, 1952.

“Canton man released.” Edwardsville Intelligencer, June 12, 1952.

“Car which backfires may be phantom.” Bloomington Pantagraph, June 15, 1952.

“Drive to grab blue phantom intensified.” Mattoon Journal Gazette, June 9, 1952.

“Gunman sought near Decatur.” Decatur Herald, June 17, 1952.

“He sees the blue phantom.” Dixon Evening Telegraph, June 6, 1952.

“Holbrook tells of gunman on Route 128.” Decatur Daily Review, June 7, 1952.

“Monticello lion, move over.” Decatur Daily Review, June 11, 1952.

“Officers' car hit by gunfire from phantom.” Decatur Herald, June 16, 1952.

“One blue phantom scare was youth with rubber gun.” Mount Vernon Register-News, June 12, 1952.

“Phantom gunman continues Midwest sniping attacks.” Medford (OR) Mail Tribune, June 8, 1952.

“Phantom gunman, or the weather?” Decatur Herald, June 12, 1952.

“Phantom reported, say 3 cars shot at on highway.” Jacksonville Daily Journal, June 15, 1952.

“Phantom shooting here this noon.” Decatur Daily Review, June 2, 1952.

“Phantom sniper uses blanks now.” Terre Haute (IN) Tribune, June 14, 1952.

“Phantom snipes at 5 more drivers.” Carroll (IA) Daily Times-Herald, June 7, 1952.

“Phantom strikes,” Decatur Herald, June 17, 1952.

“Police on alert but doubt stories of blue phantom.” Jacksonville Daily Journal, June 11, 1952.

“Police take to air in hunt for blue phantom.” Mount Vernon Register-News, June 7, 1952.

“Raack shooting suspect fires on third motorist.” St. Louis (MO) Globe-Democrat, June 2, 1952.

“State police halt cars to hunt phantom.” Columbia City (IN) Commercial-Mail, June 3, 1952.

“Wabash subway shot renews phantom chase.” Decatur Herald, June 20, 1952.

Bartholomew, Robert and Hilary Evans. Outbreak! The Encyclopedia of Extraordinary Social Behavior. San Antonio: Anomalist Books, 2009.

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